JAKARTA (Reuters) – Indonesia’s parliament is anticipated to cross a brand new legal code this month that can penalise intercourse outdoors marriage with a punishment of as much as one 12 months in jail, officers have confirmed.
The legislative overhaul may even ban insulting the president or state establishments and expressing any views counter to Indonesia’s state ideology. Cohabitation earlier than marriage can be banned.
A long time within the making, the brand new legal code is anticipated to be handed on Dec. 15, Indonesia’s deputy justice minister, Edward Omar Sharif Hiariej, informed Reuters.
“We’re proud to have a legal code that is consistent with Indonesian values,” he informed Reuters in an interview.
Bambang Wuryanto, a lawmaker concerned within the draft, stated the brand new code might be handed by as early as subsequent week.
The draft has the help of some Islamic teams in a rustic the place conservatism is on the rise, though opponents argue that it reverses liberal reforms enacted after the 1998 fall of authoritarian chief Suharto.
A earlier draft of the code was set to be handed in 2019 however sparked nationwide protests. Tens of hundreds of individuals demonstrated on the time towards a raft of legal guidelines, particularly these seen to control morality and free speech, which they stated would curtail civil liberties.
Critics say say minimal modifications to the code have been made since then, though the federal government has in latest months held public consultations across the nation to offer details about the modifications.
Some modifications which were made embrace a provision that would permit the demise penalty to be commuted to life imprisonment after 10 years of fine behaviour.
The criminalisation of abortion, except rape victims, and imprisonment for “black magic”, stay within the code.
Based on the most recent draft dated Nov. 24 that was seen by Reuters, intercourse outdoors marriage, which may solely be reported by restricted events equivalent to shut relations, carries a most one-year jail sentence.
Insulting the president, a cost that may solely be reported by the president, carries a most of three years.
Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim-majority nation, has lots of of laws on the native stage that discriminate towards girls, non secular minorities, and LGBT individuals.
The modifications to the code can be a “big a setback to Indonesian democracy”, stated Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch.
The deputy justice minister dismissed the criticism, saying the ultimate model of the draft would be certain that regional legal guidelines adhered to nationwide laws, and the brand new code wouldn’t threaten democratic freedoms.
A revised model of the legal code has been mentioned since Indonesia declared its independence from the Dutch in 1945.