On the morning of November 8, Sam Bankman-Fried, founder and CEO of FTX and Alameda Analysis, a hedge fund that additionally trades in cryptocurrencies, was a billionaire.
He was one of many richest males on the planet.
The 30-year-old former dealer was the institutional face of the crypto area, nicknamed “SBF” by his initials. He was merely the king of the fledgling blockchain-based monetary companies trade. Bankman-Fried was a god within the crypto sphere.
He had amassed this immense energy, largely by rescuing and buying crypto companies, weakened by the credit score crunch attributable to the collapse of sister cryptocurrencies Luna and UST on Might 9.
Bankman-Fried had managed to increase his affect to the purpose the place greater than 100 crypto firms and tasks had a connection to him or one in all his companies – FTX, Alameda, FTX Ventures and FTX US.
Bankman-Fried And His Internal Circle Are Excluded
However on the night of November 8, his complete empire got here crashing down, when SBF introduced that he had urgently requested the assistance of his rival Changpeng Zhao, the CEO of Binance, as a result of FTX was going through a liquidity disaster.
The settlement between the 2 males was conditional on due diligence. The following day, Zhao gave up on SBF and FTX. On November 11, Bankman-Fried filed for chapter and resigned as CEO. He was changed by John Ray, the liquidator of the disgraced vitality dealer Enron. SBF’s fortune, nonetheless valued at almost $16 billion on the morning of November 8, is now estimated at zero.
It is usually now sure that the deposed king is not going to get well something from the liquidation of the belongings of his kingdom. That is what Ray instructed the Delaware chapter court docket. His associates and his internal circle can even not obtain something, and nor will their family, if they’d invested in FTX.
“No quantities will probably be paid underneath the authority requested by this movement to any of the next individuals or any particular person recognized by the debtors to have a familial relationship to any of Samuel Bankman-Fried, Gary Wang, Nishad Singh or Caroline Ellison,” the liquidator stated in a court docket submitting.
Gary Wang was FTX’s co-founder and Chief Expertise Officer. Nishad Singh was the Engineering Director, whereas Ellison was the CEO of Alameda Analysis. They had been terminated on November 18.
That is in keeping with what the previous dealer himself introduced on November 10, a day earlier than the chapter, when he stated that precedence will probably be given to purchasers and buyers.
“Each penny of that–and of the present collateral–will go straight to customers, except or till we have achieved proper by them,” Bankman-Fried stated on Twitter. “After that, investors–old and new–and workers who’ve fought for what’s proper for his or her profession, and who weren’t accountable for” the downfall.
Bankman-Fried acquired a private mortgage of $1 billion from Alameda, in keeping with Ray. The agency additionally gave a $543 million private mortgage to Nishad Singh, and $55 million to Ryan Salame, the co-CEO of FTX Digital Markets, one in all FTX’s associates.
“I perceive that there doesn’t look like documentation for sure of those transactions as loans, and that sure actual property was recorded within the private identify of those workers and advisors on the data of the Bahamas,” the liquidator stated on the time.
The insolvency of FTX was as a consequence of a liquidity shortfall when purchasers tried to withdraw funds from the platform. The shortfall seems to have been the results of FTX’s founder reportedly transferring $10 billion of buyer funds from FTX to Alameda Analysis.
Bankman-Fried stays free in the meanwhile. No prices have been introduced in opposition to him, even if FTX’s high 50 collectors are claiming $3 billion from the change and hundreds of thousands of retail buyers could by no means get well their investments.
As a crypto change, FTX executed orders for his or her purchasers, taking their money and shopping for cryptocurrencies on their behalf. FTX acted as a custodian, holding the purchasers’ crypto currencies.
FTX then used its purchasers’ crypto belongings, via its sister firm’s Alameda Analysis buying and selling arm, to generate money via borrowing or market making. The money FTX borrowed was used to bail out different crypto establishments in the summertime of 2022.
On the identical time, FTX was utilizing the cryptocurrency it was issuing, FTT, as collateral on its stability sheet. This represented a big publicity, as a result of focus danger and the volatility of FTT.